Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Scotland 2001

  • Galloway, L., Levie, J. (2001). (Global Entrepreneurship Monitor )
  • Abstract: Nine more countries have joined the GEM consortium, including representation for the first time from Eastern Europe and Africa. GEM2001 heralds a forward step in understanding the complexity of entrepreneurial activity. A distinction has been made between “opportunity entrepreneurship”, where an individual starts a firm to take advantage of a new business opportunity, and “necessity entrepreneurship”, in which an individual starts a firm in the absence of other viable ways of making a living. These two forms of entrepreneurship correlate closely with the overall rate of entrepreneurial activity, but not with each other. They appear to be driven by different entrepreneurial framework conditions and have different growth prospects. Measurement of new business activity by industry sector is reported for the first time. The pattern of new business activity by sector is linked to the ratio of opportunity to necessity entrepreneurship. Technical improvements have been made to the measurement of nascent entrepreneurs and new firm owner/managers in the population, both to ensure more accurate measures of each, and to account for the variation among countries in the proportion of respondents that provided “don’t knows” or “refusal” responses to the screening items related to entrepreneurial activity. Adjustments have resulted in a slight increase in Total Entrepreneurial Activity rates for some countries, but the rank order of countries has not been dramatically affected, with the exception of Ireland. Rates for 2000 have been recalculated to allow comparison. View external link »
  • Theme: Perceptions and attitudes
  • Keywords: entrepreneurial attitudes; entrepreneurial activity; entrepreneurial aspirations
  • Reference type: Report
  • Geographic location: Scotland
  • Quality: Annual Report by GEM
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