Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Scotland 2002

  • Levie, J., Brown, W., Galloway, L. (2002). (Global Entrepreneurship Monitor )
  • Abstract: Ten more countries have joined the GEM consortium, and one has withdrawn, making a total of 37 nations. GEM2002 explores “high potential” entrepreneurship, by measuring the age of critical technology employed by nascent and new entrepreneurs, the familiarity of customers with entrepreneurs’ products or services, and the extent of competition in entrepreneurs’ chosen markets, as well as entrepreneurs’ predictions of how many people they will employ in 5 years time and whether they intend to export any of their sales. High potential entrepreneurship is a measure of the proportion of nascent and new entrepreneurs in the population who state they will create new markets and/or employ at least 20 people in 5 years, and have at least some customers outside the country. This measure does not correlate strongly with overall levels of entrepreneurship, or with either “opportunity entrepreneurship” or “necessity entrepreneurship”, the two main motivation-based types of entrepreneurial activity uncovered by GEM2001. It is particularly associated with relatively high levels of informal investment, market openness, entrepreneurial skills, personal knowledge of start-up entrepreneurs, various measures of national IT development, protection of intellectual property, and enrolment in higher education. The size of the UK sample has been considerably increased to 16,000. This includes 2,000 respondents each in Scotland and Wales, paid for by the Scottish and Welsh GEM teams. The final UK sample is weighted by age, gender and region for analysis and made available to the UK, Scottish and Welsh teams. The full Scottish sample, properly weighted for age and gender, was used for GEM Scotland analysis. Extra items have been added to the UK survey to uncover the ethnicity and place of birth of respondents. Postcode and county of residence was also collected. Data collection has been further refined to reduce differences in sampling methodology between nations. View external link »
  • Theme: Perceptions and attitudes
  • Keywords: entrepreneurial attitudes; entrepreneurial activity; entrepreneurial aspirations
  • Reference type: Report
  • Geographic location: Scotland
  • Quality: Annual Report by GEM
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